The standard dishwasher has 2 baskets for utensils. The bottom is used for large items: pans, pots, large plates, etc. The top is used for cleaning plates, saucers, bowls, mugs, glasses. For the cutleries should be a special tray.
First of all you have to organize the dishwasher. Load the bottom rack with pans, pots and bowls. All dishes have to angle down to be open for the spray arms. Cups, glasses and small plates put in the top rack. Big dishes with handles try to place towards the edges, and smaller to the center. As well as in the bottom rack, load the mugs and glasses to the top rack. Always remember that bigger dishes should be placed along the sides and back of the rack.
Since the dishwasher washes and supplies water from the bottom up, it is necessary to place mugs, cups and other hollow objects upside down. Otherwise, utensils will keep water together with detergent. Set the dishes at each other is possible, but not recommended.
Overload the unit is not good idea. If your dishes excessively dirty, you can put them through one cell.
In addition, remember which dishes must be away from dishwasher:
- Items made of wood: knives, equipped with wooden handles, boards butchering etc.;
- Dishes with cracks or even glued;
- Not resistant to heat, the dishes made of plastic and glass;
- Products madeof tin and copper, as well as ordinary steel, resistant to corrosion.
There is also a list of those items that are not recommended to wash in the device:
- If you’re going to wash this item in dishwasher you should do it only in the power saving mode, and with special means.
- Utensil made of aluminum and silver. In exceptional cases, they can also be washed but only under special conditions and with special detergents.
- Dishes made of faience. If the temperature and mode aren’t selected properly, the drawings can lose color and picture will fade.
When the appliance has finished washing cycle is not recommended at once to open unit and get dishes of. The reason is the hot crockery can easy shatter and there is a risk of getting burned.
Before using the device it’s important to read the manual. Since the wrong mode of operation of the device can lead to unnecessary losses of water and electricity and damage the cookware.
The cycle includes:
- Pre wash with cold water rinsing food residues;
- Washing with hot water and detergent;
Different programs may be available in a variety of models. For example, washing delicate items with 30-40°C, or intensive washing at temperature above 75°C. There is also a quick wash program, in which the unit quickly washes the dishes immediately after taking liquid food.
FYI: instead of using special pre-soaking mode is much more economical and efficient clean off dishes by hand, and then put the utensil into the dishwasher
It should be noted that you have to use only special dishwasher detergents. It’s marketed either in powder or in tablets form or even you can find it as dishwasher gel.
Dishwasher tablets are more comfortable in using. One tablet per cycle.
It should be noted that the dishwasher tablets may be single-layered, multi-layered or combined. Last one is the most universal. It also contains detergent builders, rinse aid and regenerating salt.
Rinse aid is necessary for washing off residues of detergent, drying dishes and shine. On 10-12 wash cycles it takes about half a liter of rinse
The above-mentioned refined salt is used to soften water. When the water hardness is excessively high on the dishes appear white traces. In addition, salt avoids the occurrence of lime deposits on the surface of the heating element of the device.
As you can see, using the dishwasher is not difficult. It’s only important to arrange utensil in proper way and choose special detergent as specified by the manufacturer. In addition, it’s necessary the proper care for the unit. If all these conditions are done the dishwasher will serve long and won’t fail ever.